Glossary

See also the FAQ page.

Pattern and design is can be intimidating, in part because of the terminology. Here are what we consider to be a glossary of important design and productions terms.

CAD

Computer Aided Design, such as PatternMaker software, used as a conceptual tool to design and develop products

CUT AND SEW

Knit fabrics that are laid out and cut like a woven fabric rather than being full-fashioned

FABRIC CONSTRUCTION

Base construction of a fabric, such as knit, woven, or non-woven; type of structure and size and/or weight

FLAT SKETCHES

Technical sketch of a product as if it were laying flat that includes stitching and seaming details

FULL-FASHIONED

Knit garments shaped on a flat knitting machine

GRADING

Proportionately increasing or decreasing dimensions of parts of a product according to size ranges intended for production

KNIT

Fabric created by interlocking loops of yarn

MARKER

A full-scale diagram, typically on paper, indicating the most fabric-saving placement for all the graded pattern pieces in a garment. Primarily used in production in the fabric cutting phase.

MINIMUMS

The minimum quantity a vendor requires in order to contract goods or services.

PATTERN

A paper or computer model for each piece of a product. Each piece individually and colletively are used to guide production construction.

PROTOTYPE

A full-size working model of a new product or new version of an existing product used for evaluation of product development.

PURCHASE ORDER (PO)

An ordering instrument for goods or services initiated by a buyer and sent to a supplier

SOURCING

Locating goods and services from a manufacturer whether domestically or globally.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS PACKAGING (TECH PACK)

Detailed information to a vendor how to produce a product (size, fabrication, quality standards, materials, etc.)

WOVEN

Fabric composed of two yarns perpendicular to each other and woven together